Clinical Results

Clinical results from the users of EdgeEndo.

Testing Temperature Effects on NiTi Cyclic Fatigue

Jul 12, 2016 | Studies, X7

Effect of Temperature on NiTi Cyclic Fatigue

Dr. Andy Dosanjh – The University of Detroit Mercy
A pilot study conducted at the University of Detroit Mercy showed EdgeFile files to have significantly greater cycles compared to competing files. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of different temperature changes on the cyclic fatigue of EdgeFile, Vortex Blue, and ESX rotary NiTi instruments. The three groups of NiTi rotary files were tested in a metal block that simulated a canal curvature of 60˚ and 5 mm radius of curvature. The block was submerged in a controlled-temperature water bath filled with water at four different temperatures. Thirty files from each experimental group were tested in the block at each of the four temperature cycles, and rotated at 500 rpm. Time to file fracture was recorded, and converted to number of cycles to fracture (NCF). Vortex Blue files showed a significant decrease in NitTI cyclic fatigue as temperature increased from 3˚C to 60˚C. ESX files showed a significant decrease in NCF as temperature increased from 3˚C to 37˚C. EdgeFile files showed a significant increase in NitTI cyclic fatigue from 3˚C to 22˚C, and a significant decrease in NCF from 22˚C to 37˚C. For each temperature tested, EdgeFile files showed higher NCF than Vortex Blue files, and Vortex Blue files showed higher NitTI cyclic fatigue than ESX files. The findings showed that temperature does have an effect on the number of cycles to fracture for all rotary NiTi endodontic files tested. The findings from the study suggest that with the exception of files that are already in a martensitic phase, an irrigant chilled below room temperature seems favorable to increase NiTi cyclic fatigue. In this in vitro study, temperature was found to have a significant effect on the cyclic fatigue of the NiTi rotary files tested. At each tested temperature, NCF of EdgeFile files were higher than NCF of Vortex Blue files, which was higher than NCF of ESX files. At all temperatures, EdgeFile files were found to have significantly higher cyclic fatigue than Vortex Blue files, which had significantly higher cyclic fatigue than ESX files. Since the cyclic fatigue of various file types was found to be significantly affected by temperature, future cyclic fatigue studies are recommended to be conducted at body temperature. Consideration should be taken in interpretation of studies conducted at room temperature.  

Related Posts

The Relevance of Operative Torque and Torsional Resistance of Nickel-titanium Rotary Instruments: A Preliminary Clinical Investigation

Gianluca Gambarini, Gabriele Miccoli, Maurilio D’Angelo, Marco Seracchiani, Federico Valenti Obino, Rodolfo Reda, Luca Testarelli Department of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Sciences, “Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy Introduction The aim of the present study is to...

Evaluation of the Amount of Root Canal Dentin Removed and Apical Transportation Occurrence after Instrumentation with ProTaper Next, OneShape, and EdgeFile Rotary Systems

Abstract Introduction The aim of this study was to evaluate the amount of root canal dentin removed and apical transportation occurrence after instrumentation of mesiobuccal canals of maxillary molars with ProTaper Next (PTN [Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues,...

In Vivo Evaluation of Operative Torque Generated by Two Nickel-Titanium Rotary Instruments during Root Canal Preparation

Objectives This in vivo study evaluated the operative torque and preparation time of ProTaper NEXT (Dentsply Maillefer; Ballaigues, Switzerland) and EdgeFile X7 (EdgeEn-do; Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States) rotary systems during root canal prepa-ration of...

Torsional resistance of two nickel-titanium rotary instruments: A comparative study

This study explores how heat treatment less significantly influences (increasing or decreasing) torsional resistance when compared to the high increase in flexibility and fatigue resistance reported in many published articles. Moreover, torsional fracture occurs...

Differences in cyclic fatigue lifespan: WaveOne Gold vs EdgeOne Fire.

Differences in cyclic fatigue lifespan between two different heat treated NiTi endodontic rotary instruments: WaveOne Gold vs EdgeOne Fire. Gambarini G, Galli M, Di Nardo D, Seracchiani M, Donfrancesco O, Testarelli L. J Clin Exp Dent. 2019 July 1;11(7):e609-e613. *...

Cyclic Fatigue and Torsional Failure of EdgeTaper Platinum Endodontic Files at Simulated Body Temperature

Ahmed Jamleh, BDS, MSc, PhD, Amjad Alghaihab, DMD,Abdulmohsen Alfadley, BDS, MSc, FRCD(C), Hussam Alfawaz, BDS, MS, Abdullah Alqedairi, BDS, MS, and Khalid Alfouzan, BDS, MSEdIntroduction: The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the cyclic fatigue resistance and...